Criminal Hearings and Descriptions
Arraignment (Criminal Proceeding)
This is the first appearance in Court on a criminal charge where a defendant is advised of the nature of the charges, their constitutional rights, and enters a plea. The plea determines how the case will move forward.
At arraignment, unless the defendant appears with a lawyer, the court advises the defendant on the record of the right to trial by jury, if applicable, and of the right to be represented by a lawyer and to have an appointed lawyer if the defendant cannot afford one. CrRLJ 4.1(a)(2).
TrialThere are two types of trials which a defendant may select. A bench trial, which is a trial before the judge who renders the decision, and a jury trial which is decided by a jury.
Pre Trial Hearing and Readiness HearingsAt this hearing the parties advise the Court of how they wish the case to proceed. If the case is proceeding to jury trial, it may be necessary to set a motion hearing prior to the trial date.
Sentencing and Review Hearings
If a defendant pleads guilty to a criminal charge, it is sometimes set over for the final imposition of any fines, jail or probation supervision. This hearing is called a sentencing proceeding.
Review hearings are usually set in order to track progress on various conditions of a sentence and to ensure compliance.